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Health risk associated with management of municipal solid wastes in Malaysia

Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira and Al-Gheethi , A. A. and Efaq, A. N. and Abdullah, Abd Halid and Kassim, A. H. M. K (2016) Health risk associated with management of municipal solid wastes in Malaysia. In: 4th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, 23-25 June 2016, Limassol, Cyprus.

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Abstract

The development in urban and industrial sectors in Malaysia has a rapid growth during the last two decades. These developments are associated with the increase of municipal solid wastes (MSW) generated from human activities. The quantities of MSW in Malaysia are estimated to be 27,284 tonnes per day, and more than 35% of these wastes are food wastes. The environmental conditions in the country, which include humidity and temperature, play an important role in the increasing concerns of health risks associated with these wastes. The organic matter in MSW is more degradable than plastic solid waste. However, it is more suitable as a medium for the reproduction and distribution of infectious pathogens. Thus, the adverse effects on the public health level due to poor disposal represent one of the limitations on the plan that is carried out by the country to become a developed country by 2020. Hence, Malaysia has adopted stringent regulations for the management of solid wastes since 1974. Recently, the segregation of solid wastes at the source point is applied in several public centres and at household level. The limitation does not only include the management, but it is extended to include the disposal method, which is conducted using open incineration with several disadvantages. However, there is no plan to use the alternative treatment systems in Malaysia. The trend would be moving towards the advanced incinerators to minimise national carbon dioxide emission. This paper discusses the current status of management and treatment of solid wastes, as well as the future of the alternative technologies for inclinators in Malaysia

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: municipal solid wastes; health risk; management; Malaysia
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:38
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:38
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8332
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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