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Preparation and characterization of biopolyol from liquefied oil palm fruit waste: part 1

Kormin, Shaharuddin and Mohd Rus, Anika Zafiah (2016) Preparation and characterization of biopolyol from liquefied oil palm fruit waste: part 1. In: 2016 7th International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Technology, 16-18 July 2016, Curtin University Sarawak.

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Abstract

Liquefaction is known to be an effective method for converting biomass into a biopolyol. The biomass liquefaction of oil palm fruit waste (OPFW) in the presence of liquefaction solvent/polyhydric alcohol (PA): Ethylene glycol (EG), polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG400) and glycerol using sulfuric acid as catalyst was studied. For all experiments, the liquefaction was conducted at 150 Celsius and atmospheric pressure. The mass ratio of OPFW to liquefaction solvents used in all the experiments was 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4. The results revealed that almost 50% of the oil palm fruit waste converted into liquid product within 2 hours at 150°C with OPFW/PA ratio of 1/4. Biopolyol produced under different condition showed viscosities from 210 to 650 Pa.s. The result in this study may provide fundamental information on integrated utilization of oil palm fruit waste via biomass liquefaction process.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: liquefaction; oil palm fruit wastes; polyhydric alchohol; biopolyol; polyurethane
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315-360 Fuel
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Materials Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 00:47
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 00:47
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8385
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