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Application of plastic bottle as a wall structure for green house

Mokhtar, Mardiha and Sahat, Suhaila and Hamid, Baizura and Kaamin, Masiri and Kesot, M. Jahaya and Law , Chia Wen and Loo , Yong Xin and Ng , Pei Ling and Sim, Vivian Jia Lei (2016) Application of plastic bottle as a wall structure for green house. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (12). ISSN 18196608

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Wall structure plays important roles in supporting the superstructures, separates spaces in buildings into sections and delineates a space in open air. Most of the construction of house in Malaysia use bricks and mortar which consists of cement, aggregates and water as the materials to build the structure of wall. However, cement and bricks manufacturing process will contribute to a high emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) which may lead to global warming. Therefore, objective of this paper is to find an alternative solution to reduce this environmental problem. The alternative way that can solve the problem is by replacing the use of bricks in building construction by plastic bottles filled with sand as we called it plastic bottle green house. Reuse of these non-biodegradable plastic bottles not only can solve the environmental problem, but it can also reduce the pollution. The main concern of this project is the strength of bottle bricks. Therefore, there were two types of experiments were used to evaluate the properties of bricks and plastic bottle filled with sand which are compression test and temperature test in indoor and outdoor of wall structure. The compression test is prepared for 1.5L bottle brick, 250ml bottle brick and common clay brick. As a results, the strength of 1.5L and 250ml bottle bricks is 3 and 4 times respectively stronger compare to common clay brick. The comparison of indoor and outdoor wall temperature, air humidity and wind velocity between the plastic bottle green house and normal brick house has indicate that plastic bottle has recorded highest reading for outdoor wall temperature with 36°C and lowest reading on outdoor humidity and outdoor wind velocity with 78% and 0.8 m/s respectively. From these result it can be concluded that plastic bottle green house have a potential as a wall construction material and further study on its other properties such as its lifespan and ratio between water, cement and sand usage as a mortar should be carried out.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bottle bricks; strength; global warming; temperature; air humidity; wind velocity
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions: Centre of Diploma Studies > Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2017 03:44
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 03:44
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8535
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