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Nanomaterials for biofouling and scaling mitigation of thin film composite membrane: a review

Ong, Chi Siang and Goh, P. S. and Lau, W. J. and Misdan, Nurasyikin and Ismail, A. Fauzi (2016) Nanomaterials for biofouling and scaling mitigation of thin film composite membrane: a review. Desalination, 393. pp. 2-15.

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Biofouling and scaling are commonly encountered bottlenecks in large and small scale installations of membrane technology for surface-, waste- or seawater treatment. The phenomena can pose persistent operational challenge with substantial economic impacts if they are left unresolved. Effort has been made to reduce the tendency of these detrimental phenomena by improving membrane properties, optimizing operational conditions as well as establishing reliable pretreatment of the feed water. This review places a main focus on the recent advances of low biofouling and scaling thin film composite (TFC) membranes that are incorporated with different types of nanomaterials. In this contribution, the biofouling and scaling phenomena and their negative effects on TFC membranes are first discussed. The recent studies on the preparation of low biofouling and anti-scaling TFC membrane using different nanomaterials are then critically summarized. Current challenges to enhance membrane long-term stability, reliability, and cost efficiency are also highlighted. The applications of nanomaterials in membrane desalination are anticipated to improve resistance properties of TFC membranes against biofouling and scaling and further foster the innovation of sustainable membrane desalination technology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thin film composite membrane; biofouling; scaling; nanomaterials; desalination
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 03:39
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2017 03:39
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8581
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