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Carbon dioxide capture using a superhydrophobic ceramic hollow fibre membrane for gas-liquid contacting process

Abdulhameed, Mohammed Abdulmunem and Othman, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan and Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi and Takeshi , Matsuura and Harun, Zawati and A Rahman, Mukhlis and Puteh, Mohd Hafiz and Jaafar, Juhana and Rezaei, Masoud and Hubadillah, Siti Khadijah (2017) Carbon dioxide capture using a superhydrophobic ceramic hollow fibre membrane for gas-liquid contacting process. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140 (3). pp. 1731-1738.

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Abstract

This work initiates the development of clean technology in carbon dioxide (CO2) capture using ceramic membrane inspired by gas–liquid contacting system. A low cost, high performance superhydrophobic kaolin-alumina hollow fibre membrane was prepared via phase inversion-based extrusion and sintering techniques, followed by a grafting with fluoroalkylsilane (FAS). The membrane was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), gas permeation test, contact angle, wetting resistance, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The fabricated membrane was highly porous, thus increasing the gas permeation rate. By surface modification, the membrane contact angle was increased from 0º to 142º. In fact, wettability resistance of the membrane was also improved. The membrane was subsequently applied in membrane contactor for carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption. The CO2 absorption flux as high as 0.18 mol m-2 s-1 was achieved at the liquid flow rate of 100 mL min-1 which was far above the fluxes of some commercial and inhouse made polymeric and ceramic membranes. In conclusion, the modified kaolinalumina hollow fibre membrane with the superhydrophobic surface, high permeance, and absorption flux is suitable for CO2 post-combustion capture, due to its outstanding chemical and thermal stabilities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2 capture; superhydrophobic; ceramic membrane; kaolin-alumina; hollow fibre membrane
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Materials Engineering and Design
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:37
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:37
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8629
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