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Influence of cerium on microstructure and solidification of eutectic Al–Si piston alloy

Ahmad, R. and Asmael, M. B. A. (2016) Influence of cerium on microstructure and solidification of eutectic Al–Si piston alloy. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 31 (15). pp. 1948-1957. ISSN 15322475

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Abstract

Thermal analysis has become very important in foundry because it aids in studying the effect of additives on eutectic growth temperature and assessing the quality of modifications. This research was performed to investigate the influence of the addition of Ce (0.1–1.0 wt.%) on the eutectic Al–Si–Cu–Mg alloy characteristics of solidification. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and optical microscopy were employed to characterize the alloy microstructure. The main phases studied were the Al–Cu (Al2Cu) and Al–Si phases. The addition of Ce decreased the nucleation and growth temperatures and acted as a refiner for the alloy. The larger amounts of Ce significantly impacted the Si structure: the average Si particle size decreased as the Ce concentration was increased, which led to a finer grain structure. The Ce formed intermetallic compounds with the alloyed elements that had plate- or needle-like structures and that interrupted the modification of Si. The solidification parameters, including the growth and nucleation temperatures, increased with increasing change in the morphology of the Al–Cu phase that were caused by Ce addition.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aluminum; cerium; microstructure; thermal
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200-770 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:25
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:25
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8766
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