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Characterizations of Malaysia palf properties between hand scrapping and palf M1

Yahya, Siti Asia (2016) Characterizations of Malaysia palf properties between hand scrapping and palf M1. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

In agricultural sector, there is an environment and technical issue during disposal process of agro waste after harvesting. Regarding to environmental and sustainability awareness, concerns on the long term effect of burning crop waste have been expressed including pineapple leaves burning. Responding to this emerging issue, there are emphases on transformation of crop waste to wealth in order to create a sustainable agriculture industry. This work presented the new technology invented named Pineapple Leaf Fibre Machine 1 (PALF M1) for pineapple leaf fibres (PALF) productions. Effects of extractions method and surface treatments towards PALF‟s properties are evaluated. The findings of this study confirmed that PALF M1 increased PALF‟s productions rate by 8 times and minimize pineapple leaves waste up to 80% compared to traditional method (hand scrapping). From the experimental results, PALF M1 yield fibre with diameter of 75.7μm and tensile strength of 322.70MPa while hand scrapping produced fibre with diameter of 90.7μm and tensile strength of 337.30MPa. Besides that, surface treatments enhanced mechanical properties of PALF extracted by both methods up to 18% from untreated PALF. Despite of reducing the environment pollution and minimizing the waste, the proposed technology involved in sustainable pineapple leaf fibres (PALF) productions also yield better fibre in terms of quality and mechanical properties.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2017 07:06
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 07:06
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8801
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