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The influence of temperature and preheating time in extrudate quality of solid-state recycled aluminum

Shamsudin, S. and Zhong, Z. W. and Ab Rahim, S. N. and Lajis, M. A. (2016) The influence of temperature and preheating time in extrudate quality of solid-state recycled aluminum. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. pp. 1-13. ISSN 14333015

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Recovering waste metal without the need for remelting in solid-state recycling of metal chips can create green production. The overall process of solid-state recycling should be run at the lowest possible cost to remain competitive. High temperature and prolonged preheating time for billet’s homogenization in hot extrusion to consolidate the chips conflicts with the aim of minimizing energy usage. Therefore, optimizing the effect of preheating temperature and time prior to hot extrusion is important. This study investigates the effects of preheating temperature and preheating time on the extrudates’ quality. Milling chips of AA6061 were cold compacted and hot extruded through a flat-face die using preheating temperatures of 400, 500, and 550 °C for 1–6 h of preheating time. The mechanical and physical properties and microstructure of the extruded profiles were compared. The results revealed that higher acceptable strength and ductility were obtained at 500 °C with 2 h of preheating time. On top of that, temperature increase was the main criterion that results in the highest tensile strength; nevertheless, it was subjected to trade-off in ductility. The profile extruded at 500 and 550 °C had gained a close tensile strength. The study includes the prediction of the chip’s welding quality through the damage evolution on the extrudate’s structure. It was implemented with the help of DEFORMTM 3D finite element method (FEM) software, and the normalized Cockcroft and Latham (C & L) fracture criterion was chosen. The results of the simulations were compared and validated by the experimental results.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aluminum chips; solid-state recycling; mechanical properties; hot extrusion
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200-770 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:24
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:24
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8836
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