UTHM Institutional Repository

Mediation effect of supervisory alliance on the supervisor-supervisee relationship for effective supervision

Ismail, Affero (2015) Mediation effect of supervisory alliance on the supervisor-supervisee relationship for effective supervision. PhD thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


Download (725kB)


This research is deployed to discover a resolution for an efficient supervision. Many problems can be derived from attrition and completion issue of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) students in Malaysian Advanced Technology Training Center (ADTEC). One of the main factors is the failure and incomplete of the industrial-based project. This issue is an evident that there is a need for effective supervision. The purpose of this research is to examine the mediation effect of the Supervisory Working Alliance (SWA) on the relationship between Overall Supervision Effectiveness (OSE) and independent variables, including Supervisory Input Support (SIS) and Supervise Individual Characteristic (SIC) among respondents. The overall research framework is adapted from different Bordin’s Model of Working Alliance (1983) and Kirkpatrick’s Evaluation Model (1996). This is a fully quantitative research using survey method. Three hundred and sixty (360) respondents were selected as research samples by proportionate stratified random sampling method from four (4) main ADTEC in Malaysia. The data were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive analysis, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) to validate the factors and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to conduct correlation, regression and mediation test to achieve the research objectives. Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) was conducted to ensure that the data used in this research did not violate the assumption of multivariate analysis. All hypotheses in this research are fully supported in which there is a positive significant relationship between variables (SIS, SIC, SWA and OSE); There is a substantial effect of SIS on SWA, SIC on SWA and SWA on OSE; and SWA mediates the relationship between SIS and OSE as Full Mediation and between SIC and OSE as Partial Mediation. In conclusion, the present of SWA mediates the relationship between SIS, SIC and OSE. This research contributes in new findings to the body of knowledge in the evaluation of effective supervision. The major contribution of this research is to introduce the student-supervisor framework for industrial-based project in Malaysian TVET.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001-6182 Business
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2017 04:23
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2017 04:23
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8884
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year