UTHM Institutional Repository

A review on retrofit fuel injection technology for small carburetted motorcycle engines towards lower fuel consumption and cleaner exhaust emission

Muslim, Mohd Taufiq and Selamat, Hazlina and Alimin, Ahmad Jais and Mohd Rohi, Noorfaizah and Hushim, Mohd Faisal (2014) A review on retrofit fuel injection technology for small carburetted motorcycle engines towards lower fuel consumption and cleaner exhaust emission. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 35. pp. 279-284. ISSN 13640321

[img]
Preview
PDF
J1520_a83c7095e38990bc9d5a7a3b4ca70761.pdf

Download (248kB)

Abstract

Most motorcycles in developing countries use carburettors as the fuel delivery system especially for models with cubic capacity of less than 350 cc. However, small gasoline carburetted engines suffer from low operating efficiency, high fuel consumption and produce high level of hazardous emissions. A retrofit fuel injection system (FIS) is a system that is developed to totally replace the conventional carburettor system to improve its fuel economy and exhaust emissions, providing a low-cost alternative in an effort to reduce fuel costs and air pollution. This paper provides a comprehensive review on the retrofit fuel injection technology developed for small gasoline spark ignition (SI) motorcycle engines from 50 cc to 350 cc. Three main retrofit FIS schemes – the throttle body injection (TBI), port fuel injection (PFI) and direct injection (DI) – are compared, in terms of configurations, complexity, costs and performances.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carburettor; fuel injection; fuel consumption; retrofit technology; small engine motorcycles
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL1-484 Motor vehicles. Cycles
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Energy and Thermofluid Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:36
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:36
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/8972
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year