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Numerical simulation of evacuation process in Malaysia by using distinct-element-method based multi-agent model

Abustan, M. S. and Rahman, N. A. and Gotoh, H. and Harada, E. and A. Talib, S. H. (2015) Numerical simulation of evacuation process in Malaysia by using distinct-element-method based multi-agent model. In: Soft Soil Engineering International Conference 2015 (SEIC2015), 27, 28 & 29 October 2015, Resort World Langkawi, Malaysia.

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In Malaysia, not many researches on crowd evacuation simulation had been reported. Hence, the development of numerical crowd evacuation process by taking into account people behavioral patterns and psychological characteristics is crucial in Malaysia. On the other hand, tsunami disaster began to gain attention of Malaysian citizens after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami that need quick evacuation process. In relation to the above circumstances, we have conducted simulations of tsunami evacuation process at the Miami Beach of Penang Island by using Distinct Element Method (DEM)-based crowd behavior simulator. The main objectives are to investigate and reproduce current conditions of evacuation process at the said locations under different hypothetical scenarios for the efficiency study of the evacuation. The sim-1 is initial condition of evacuation planning while sim-2 as improvement of evacuation planning by adding new evacuation area. From the simulation result, sim-2 have a shorter time of evacuation process compared to the sim-1. The evacuation time recuded 53 second. The effect of the additional evacuation place is confirmed from decreasing of the evacuation completion time. Simultaneously, the numerical simulation may be promoted as an effective tool in studying crowd evacuation process.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Numerical simulation; evacuation process; distinct element method; microscopic model; crowd behavior simulator
Subjects: T Technology > T55-55.3 Industrial safety. Industrial accident prevention
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 07:33
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 07:33
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/9112
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