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Water quality monitoring using wireless sensor network and smartphone-based applications: a review

Abdul Rahim, Herlina and Zulkifli, Syahidah Nurani and Mohd Subha, Nurul Adilla and Abdul Rahim, Ruzairi and Zainal Abidin, Hafilah (2017) Water quality monitoring using wireless sensor network and smartphone-based applications: a review. Sensors & Transducers, 209 (2). pp. 1-11. ISSN 17265479

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Abstract

A wireless sensor network (WSN) has a huge potential in water ecology monitoring applications. The integration of WSN to a portable sensing device offers the feasibility of sensing distribution capability, on-site data measurements, and remote sensing abilities. Due to the advancement of WSN technology, unexpected contamination events in water environments can be observed continuously. Local Area Network (LAN), Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) and Internet web-based are commonly used as a gateway unit for data communication via local base computer using standard Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) or General Packet Radio Services (GPRS). However, WSN construction is costly and a growing static infrastructure increases the energy consumptions. Hence, a growing trend of smartphone-based application in the field of water monitoring is a surrogate approach to engage mobile base stations for in-field analysis that are driven by the expanding adaptation of Bluetooth, ZigBee and standard Wi-Fi routers. Owing to the fact that smartphones are portable and accessible, mobile data collection from WSN in remote locations are achievable. This paper comprehensively reviews the detection of water contaminants using smartphone-based applications in accordance with WSN technologies. In this paper, some recommendations and prospective views on the developments of water quality monitoring will be discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wireless sensor-based network (WSN); water quality monitoring; smartphone-based system; WSN construction
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Robotic and Mechatronic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:15
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:15
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/9340
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