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Development of a micro-extruder with vibration mode for microencapsulation of human keratinocytes in calcium alginate

Md Sai‘aan, Nurul Hamizah (2017) Development of a micro-extruder with vibration mode for microencapsulation of human keratinocytes in calcium alginate. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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Microencapsulation is a promising technique to form microtissues. The existing cell microencapsulation technologies that involved extrusion and vibration are designed with complex systems and required the use of high energy. A micro-extruder with an inclusion of simple vibrator that has the commercial value for creating a 3D cell model has been developed in this work. This system encapsulates human keratinocytes (HaCaT) in calcium alginate and the size of the microcapsules is controllable in the range of 500-800 μm by varying the flow rates of the extruded solution and frequency of the vibrator motor (10-63 Hz). At 0.13 ml/min of flow rate and vibration rate of 26.4 Hz, approximately 40 ± 10 pieces of the alginate microcapsules in a size 632.14 ± 10.35 μm were produced. Approximately 100 μm suspension of cells at different cells densities of 1.55 × 105 cells/ml and 1.37 × 107 cells/ml were encapsulated for investigation of microtissues formation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis showed the different functional groups and chemistry contents of the calcium alginate with and without the inclusion of HaCaT cells in comparison to the monolayers of HaCaT cells. From Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) imaging, calcium alginate microcapsules were characterised by spherical shape and homogenous surface morphology. Via the nuclei staining, the distance between cells was found reduced as the incubation period increased. This indicated that the cells merged into microtissues with good cell-cell adhesions. After 15 days of culture, the cells were still viable as indicated by the fluorescence green expression of calceinacetoxymethyl. Replating experiment indicated that the cells from the microtissues were able to migrate and has the tendency to form monolayer of cells on the culture flask. The system was successfully developed and applied to encapsulate cells to produce 3D microtissues.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2018 03:37
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2018 03:37
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/9911
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