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Influence of hydrochloric acid volume on the growth of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures by hydrothermal method

Abd Hamed, Noor Kamalia and Khalid, Noor Sakinah and Mohd Fazli, Fatin Izyani and Mohd Napi, Muhammad Luqman and Nayan, Nafarizal and Ahmad, Mohd Khairul (2016) Influence of hydrochloric acid volume on the growth of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures by hydrothermal method. Sains Malaysiana, 45 (11). pp. 1669-1673. ISSN 01266039

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Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) with various morphologies has been successfully synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method at 150oC for 10 h using titanium butoxide (TBOT) as a precursor, deionized (DI) water and hydrochloric acid (HCl) on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate. The influences of HCl volume on structural and morphological properties of TiO2 have been studied using x-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively. The result showed that several morphologies such as microsphere, microrods, nanorods and nanoflowers were obtained by varying the volume of hydrochloric acid. The crystallinity of titanium dioxide enhanced with the increasing of hydrochloric acid volume.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acid hydrochloric (HCl); field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM); titanium dioxide (TiO2); x-ray diffraction (XRD)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Electronic Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 03:22
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 03:22
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/9975
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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