Mass transfer of Cd, Hg, As, DDT and chlordane by adsorption onto granular activated carbon

Omar, Roslan (2017) Mass transfer of Cd, Hg, As, DDT and chlordane by adsorption onto granular activated carbon. PhD thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

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Abstract

The kinetic theory of liquid indicates that diffusion coefficient for the dilute liquid at ordinary pressure is essentially independent of mixture composition. Mass transfer is important in separation and adsorption process. However, diffusion may also be caused by other features. Because of the complex nature of mass diffusion, the diffusion coefficients are usually determined experimentally. The mass transfer resistance controls the kinetic adsorption rate, but there is only limited understanding of the adsorption of a solute onto porous material from surface water. Thus, this study was conducted to further enhance the understanding of the mass transfer and adsorption processes of micropollutants. The objectives of this study are to analyze the difference, examine the adsoprtion diffusion of mass transfer and evaluate the variation of total, internal and external mass transfer. This study also used the transformed equation to analyze the rate of adsorption during adsorption process onto different GACs. Five (5) micropollutants namely Hg, Cd, As, DDT and chlordane have been chosen to be adsorbed onto three (3) granular activated carbon which are SIG (shell industrial grade), SAG (shell analytical grade) and BAG (bitumen analytical grade). The micropollutants (Hg, Cd, As, DDT and chlordane) were prepared using standard stock solution in deionized water. Adsorption of pollutants onto SIG, SAG, and BAG were started at different percentages of outflow. Although the samples were taken at the same time, the outcome showed that a significant competition between adsorbates and adsorbents. From the analysis, SIG and SAG displayed excellent performance in adsorbing inorganic micropollutants while BAG for organic micropollutants. Before adsorption takes place, the morphology of the SAG indicated pore abundance compared to SIG and BAG. BAG pores are more structured than SIG and SAG. After adsorption occurs, more of the organic micropollutants are being adsorbed onto BAG and SAG. Meanwhile, SIG proved to be the best adsorbent for inorganic micropollutants.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
ID Code:10212
Deposited By:Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Deposited On:02 Jul 2018 10:58
Last Modified:02 Jul 2018 10:58

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