Effect of sugar palm fibers on the properties of blended wheat starch/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) -based biocomposite films

A.B.A. Mohammed, Abdulrahman and Hasan, Zaimah and A. Borhana Omran, Abdoulhdi and M. Elfaghi, Abdulhafid and Hassan Ali, Yasir and A.A. Akeel, Norie and Ilyas, R.A. and Sapuan, S.M. (2023) Effect of sugar palm fibers on the properties of blended wheat starch/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) -based biocomposite films. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 24. pp. 1043-1055.

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Sugar palm fiber has been added to reinforce starch, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based film. The effect of reinforcement on different properties has been studied. It has been found that reinforcing plasticized starch/PVA matrix with palm fibers has considerably enhanced physical properties, the density of the polymer declined to 1.21 g/cm3 with untreated fibers and to 1.32 g/cm3 with treated fibers, which created a lighter weight bioplastic, and a reduction occurred in water absorption (for example 3% of treated fiber showed 143% absorbed water after 30 min immersing in water) and water solubility. When compared to the films without fibers filler, films reinforced with fibers demonstrated a c3onsiderable improvement in the crystal profile; at 9% fiber load, it improved over double. Additionally, it has been noted that thermal stability has increased. The existence of treated and untreated fibers in the hybrid matrix revealed 23.3% and 24.6% mass residues at 495 �C, respectively. However, this enhancement did not coincide with a rise in mechanical properties, Whilst,improvements in tensile strength and modulus occurred at 9% of treated fiber load, showing 12 MPa and 245 MPa, respectively. The highest elongation was 66.3% at 3% of treated fiber films. Meanwhile, films reinforced with treated sugar palm fibers showed higher mechanical properties than films with untreated sugar palm fibers. Scanning Electronic Microscope images exhibited higher interfacial interaction at 9% for both treated and untreated sugar palm fibers

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wheat starch Biocomposite Polyvinyl alcohol Fructose Sugar palm fiber
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohamad Zulkhibri Rahmad
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2023 07:22
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2023 07:22
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10291

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