Heat-setting parameters optimisation of cotton/elastane fabric using response surface methodology

Nur Athirah Huzaisham, Nur Athirah Huzaisham and Siti Hana Nasir, Siti Hana Nasir and Muhammad Khalis Mohd Idris, Muhammad Khalis Mohd Idris and Carolina Quintero Rodriguez, Carolina Quintero Rodriguez (2023) Heat-setting parameters optimisation of cotton/elastane fabric using response surface methodology. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 48. pp. 27-34.

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The effect of heat-setting treatment on the performance of cotton/elastane fabric has been studied. Response surface methodology has been used to design the experiments where temperature (°C), time (s) and fabric width extension (%) are taken as factor variables. Fabric dimension (lengthwise and widthwise), fabric areal density and fabric tension decay are taken as response variables. The findings establish that the optimum heat-setting parameters are 190℃ temperature, 75s process time and 13.5% width extension. It is necessary to optimise the heat-setting parameters to achieve better fabric dimensional stability, as overheating damages and deteriorates some of the elastane filaments, resulting in reduced recovery properties after a certain temperature point.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: : Cotton/elastane fabric, Dimensional stability, Elastane, Heat-setting treatment, Knitted fabric, Single jersey fabric, Tension decay
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechnical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Mohamad Zulkhibri Rahmad
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2023 07:20
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2023 07:20
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/10460

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