Modelling of the flow of refrigerant 134a in capillary tubes

Sadikin, Azmahani (2004) Modelling of the flow of refrigerant 134a in capillary tubes. Masters thesis, Cranfield University.



Practical tools for the design of capillary tubes for refrigeration systems employing the traditional CFC-12 and HCFC-22 as refrigerants are widely available. Due to environmental concern of the depletion of ozone layer and global warming, CFCs and HCFCs have to be phased out eventually according to the Montreal Protocol. As a result, a number of alternative refrigerants including HFC-134a have emerged as promising chlorine free alternatives to CFC-12 in domestic refrigerators and freezers. The proper size of a capillary tube with a new refrigerant is a critical factor for the optimum performance of a refrigeration system. This study presents a computer model KAPILARI, which has been developed to predict the length of capillary tube used as an expansion device in small refrigerating and air-conditioning systems. The pressure drop through a capillary tube in the single-phase and two-phase regions is modelled in an attempt to predict the size of capillary tube. The model is based on the governing equations of conservation of mass, energy and momentum. Stoecker's basic model was modified with the consideration of various effects due to sub cooling, choked flow and friction factor used in single-phase region. The developed model has been validated by employing available studies and found to agree well with the experimental data and other mathematical model predictions of HFC-134a. The capability of the program has been tested and simulations are carried out to investigate the effect of varying the operating and design parameters of the system, namely cooling capacity, evaporating temperature, degree of superheat, condensing temperature, degree of subcoo1ing and inner diameter of capillary tube, on the length of the capillary tube. The developed model is an effective tool of capillary tube's design and optimization for systems using HFC-134a.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP489-498 Low temperature engineering. Cryogenic engineering. Refrigeration. Ice cutting and storage
ID Code:1231
Deposited By:Norfauzan Md Sarwin
Deposited On:19 Apr 2011 16:27
Last Modified:29 Apr 2011 14:43

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