Natural coagulates for wastewater treatment; a review for application and mechanism

Al-Sahari, Mohammed and Al-Gheethi, Adel and Radin Mohamed, Radin Maya Saphira (2020) Natural coagulates for wastewater treatment; a review for application and mechanism. In: Prospects of Fresh Market Wastes Management in Developing Countries. Springer Nature, pp. 1-15. ISBN 978-3-030-42641-5

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The increase of water demand and wastewater generation is among the global concerns in the world. The less effective management of water sources leads to serious consequences, the direct disposal of untreated wastewater is associated with the environmental pollution, elimination of aquatic life and the spread of deadly epidemics. The flocculation process is one of the most important stages in water and wastewater treatment plants, wherein this phase the plankton, colloidal particles, and pollutants are precipitated and removed. Two major types of coagulants are used in the flocculation process included the chemical and natural coagulants. Many studies have been performed to optimize the flocculation process while most of these studies have confirmed the hazardous effects of chemical coagulants utilization on the ecosystem. This chapter reviews a summary of the coagulation/flocculation processes using natural coagulants as well as reviews one of the most effective natural methods of water and wastewater treatment.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: nil
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Technology and Natural Resources
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2021 03:10
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 03:10

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