Study of food waste composting by using breadfruit peel as fermentation liquid

Jamaludin, Siti Noratifah (2018) Study of food waste composting by using breadfruit peel as fermentation liquid. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


Download (617kB) | Preview
[img] Text (Copyright Declaration)
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (327kB) | Request a copy
[img] Text (Full Text)
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy


Food waste represents almost 60% of the total municipal solid waste disposed in the landfill. This is due to the lack knowledge and exposure of food waste recycling practice. Composting is one of low cost alternative method to dispose the food waste. The purpose of this research is to provide an alternative disposal method which is composting for food waste from MRMI in Parit Kuari Darat, Johor. The industry area is far from the main road and out of local authorities collection zone, and the solid waste management were perform improperly without collection and facilities provided. The aim of this study is to identify the physical, chemical and biological parameters of composting food waste from MRMI. The physical parameters are temperature, pH value and moisture content. Meanwhile, the chemical parameter are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, total organic carbon and heavy metals. As for biological parameters, bacteria count were tested during the study. Breadfruit peel was used as fermentation liquid because of it suitability and it is one of food waste that produced by MRMI and soil with coconut fiber were used as the decomposing medium. Takakura composting method was conducted in this study with 8 reactors which is reactors A1, B1, C1 and D1 (research compost) and reactors A2, B2, C2 and D2 (commercial compost). The results showed total food waste generated by MRMI is 1221.84 kg. In terms of chemical properties, the highest N content for research compost is 2240 ppm, P with 14.143 ppm and K with 704.5 ppm. Meanwhile, NPK content for commercial compost obtained the highest N value with 2268 ppm, P with 11.615 ppm and K with 645.55 ppm. In addition, TOC and C/N ratio for all reactors decreased significantly along the study and has reached the maturity stage. Traces of heavy metals were found lower than the standards. As the conclusion, research compost in this study is comparable with commercial compost and the NPK value for matured compost shows that the compost nutrient value is higher than organic fertilizer from previous study and the compost can be used as fertilizer and suitable for agricultural purposes.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD783-812.5 Municipal refuse. Solid wastes
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment > Department of Civil Engineering : Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2021 01:01
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2021 01:01

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item