Bio-concrete on chloride condition: effect on compressive strength and water penetration

Teddy, T. and J.M., Irwan and Othman, N. and Gani, P. (2018) Bio-concrete on chloride condition: effect on compressive strength and water penetration. Malaysian Construction Research Journal (MCRJ), 4 (2). pp. 129-140. ISSN 2590 - 4140

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In recent years, the beneficial effect of sulphate reduction bacteria (SRB) to induce calcium carbonate precipitation on the concrete structure has gradually increase great attention in the industry. In this study, different SRB concentration (0%, 3%, 5% and 7%) and water cement ratio (0.4w/c, 0.5w/c and 0.6w/c) was investigated in term of compressive strength and water penetration. Since the sample curing in saline water, thus, the sample on chloride condition also investigated accordingly. Compressive strength and water penetration test were performed at the stage of 28th, 56th, 90th, 180th and 360th day of curing period. Test results indicated that the best SRB concentration to be mixed in bio-concrete was 5% while 0.5w/c for water cement ratio. Both values enhanced significantly the compressive strength and reduced porosity and water penetration of bio-concrete. The maximum increased of compressive strength in 0.5w/c is 58.6MPa was observed with 5% of SRB on the day 180 of curing time. Meanwhile, the lowest water penetration was recorded on the last day (day 360) of curing with 2.93cm at the 5% and 0.6w/c of SRB concentration and water cement ratio, respectively. These improvements were due to deposition on the SRB cells within the pore of the concrete cube as cured in chloride water. Results of this study demonstrated the role of SRB induced calcium carbonate precipitation in improving the concrete structure cured in extreme condition in term of compressive strength and water penetration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bio-concrete, Calcium carbonate, Chloride attack, Compressive strength, Sulphate reduction bacteria, Water penetration
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > TD429.5-480.7 Water purification. Water treatment and conditioning. Saline water conversion
T Technology > TH Building construction > TH1000-1725 Systems of building construction. Including fireproof construction, concrete construction
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment > Department of Civil Engineering : Structural and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: UiTM Student Praktikal
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2021 04:09
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2021 04:09

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