Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) handsheet production from optimized biodelignification of rhynchophorus ferrugineus microbiome’s enzymes

Mohd Aripin, Ashuvila and Abd Rashid, Amir Hamzah and Syarifah, Sharfina Mutia and Chan Chee Ming2, Chan Chee Ming2 and Zainulabidin, Muhd Hafeez and Ishak, Nadiah and Adnan, Sharmiza and Seng Chye, Darren Lee and Mohd Kassim, Angzzas Sari (2020) Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) handsheet production from optimized biodelignification of rhynchophorus ferrugineus microbiome’s enzymes. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering Research, 8 (1.2). pp. 253-263. ISSN 2347-3983

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (314kB) | Request a copy


Oil palm plantation generates massive amount of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) which source great amount of cellulose. However, wrapping this cellulose is an adhesive compound called lignin. Biodelignification process was applied to remove lignin in pulp and paper industry. Therefore, this study is focused on optimum conditions of delignification process using a combination of bacteria from Rhynchophorus ferrugineus on OPEFB. The composition of chemicals was characterized according to the TAPPI standard method and Kursher-Hoffner method. The Box-Behnken design (BBD) was used to determine the optimum conditions of delignification process based on lignin loss of OPEFB. The optimized fiber was investigated based on mechanical properties according to TAPPI standard methods. From BBD analysis, the finest conditions for delignification were recognized to be at 35 °C in 48 h incubation time with 5 mL of 1% glucose for predicted value 54.3% compared to experimental value 52% of lignin loss as revealed by confirmatory study. The highest result of chemical analysis was recognized at run 12 (1.15%), 10 (12.35%), 4 (48.99%) and 5 (1.28%) for extractive, lignin, cellulose and ash content respectively. The tensile, burst and tear were identified as 9.93 Nm/g, 0.98 kPa.m2/g and 2.57 mN.m2/g respectively for handsheet product at optimum conditions. In conclusion, the results obtained was indicated that the delignification process via bacteria combination from R. ferrugineus is a viable alternative pulping process for pulp and paper-based industry. The delignification process on OPEFB also provides a cleaner technology process and more sustainable development for the country.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lignocellulosic; biodelignification; pulp and paper; lignin; Rhynchophorus ferrugineus.
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS155-194 Production management. Operations management
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Chemical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 01:51
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2022 01:51
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/6159

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item