Influence of yarn parameters on cotton/kenaf blended yarn characteristics

S. Abdullah, S. A. and M. Zuhudi, N. Z. and Mohd Aris, K. D. and Roslan, M. N. and Isa, M. D. (2020) Influence of yarn parameters on cotton/kenaf blended yarn characteristics. Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences (JMES), 14 (4). pp. 7622-7628. ISSN 2289-4659

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Spinning kenaf fibers into yarns is challenging due to the stiffness and lack of cohesiveness of the fibers. Alkali treatment is known to remove hemicellulose, wax, and breaks down lignin, reducing stiffness of kenaf fiber and improving its spinnability. Kenaf fibers were treated at percentages of 4% and 6% and blended with cotton fibers at blend ratios of 40:60 and 50:50 prior to a ring spinning process to produce a double ply yarn of 70 tex. Yarn were twisted at three sets of twist. The responses were measured in terms of carding waste percentages and yarn strength. The results showed that the optimized yarn structural parameter is kenaf fiber treated at 6% and with a kenaf/cotton 40/60 blending ratio based on its tenacity and minimum carding waste. ANOVA shows that there is a good interaction effect between NaOH and kenaf/cotton ratio, and NaOH concentration and twist.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kenaf fiber; kenaf yarn; kenaf/cotton blend; spinnability; alkalization
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS1300-1865 Textile industries
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechnical Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2022 01:06
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2022 01:06

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