The corrosion effect to metal structure influenced by microbial at oil and gas plant

Wan Jusoh, Wan Amizah and Che Rosely, Noor Ain Najihah and Adnan, Suraya Hani and Mohd Zuki, Sharifah Salwa and Shahidan, Shahiron (2022) The corrosion effect to metal structure influenced by microbial at oil and gas plant. In: Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Advanced Technology. Penerbit UTHM, UTHM, pp. 19-33. ISBN 978-967-2817-40-6

[img] Text
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Corrosion is the destructive attack of metal on its surroundings by chemical or electrochemical reactions. There are four common types of corrosion problems occurred on the pipelines of oil and gas plants. Those are (i) sour corrosion, (ii) oxygen corrosion, (iii) stress corrosion cracking and (iv) microbiologically induced corrosion. In order to keep the metal structures of oil and gas plants resistant to corrosion, carbon steels are undeniably the best materials to use for pipelines. As for microbiologically induced corrosion, there are two types of it, (i) Sulphate-Reducing Bacterium and (ii) Sulphur-Oxidizing Bacterium. There will be negative consequences to the oil pipelines affected by microbiologically induced corrosion and will be explained vigorously on the next page. Electrochemical, physical and chemical techniques are those different treatments that can be used to dwindle the corrosion from the metal structures of pipelines in oil and gas plants. The solution to identify corrosion caused by microbial is by using electrochemical techniques. By using this technique, the potential mechanism of microbially influenced corrosion of steel by marine bacterium Vibrio natriegens. Cathodic protection using sacrificial anodes is practical and globally applied to prevent corrosion, while electrochemical techniques can determine the mechanism of MIC. Through the methods, the objective of this study has been achieved.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corrosion; oil and gas plant; microbiologically induced corrosion; electrochemical technique; cathodic protection
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Civil Engineering Technology
Depositing User: Mr. Abdul Rahim Mat Radzuan
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2022 03:26
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2022 03:26

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item