Suspended solid, color, COD and oil and grease removal from biodiesel wastewater by coagulation and flocculation processes

Daud, Zawawi and Awang, Halizah and Abdul Latiff, Ab Aziz and Nasir, Nazlizan and Ridzuan, Mohd Baharudin and Ahmad, Zulkifli (2015) Suspended solid, color, COD and oil and grease removal from biodiesel wastewater by coagulation and flocculation processes. In: Istanbul University World Conference on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 28-30 May 2015, Istanbul, Turki.

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Abstract

Coagulation and flocculation are essential processes in a number of diverse disciplines, including biochemistry, cheese manufacturing, rubber manufacturing, and in water and waste water treatment. Coagulation flocculation is effective for removing high concentration organic pollutants and heavy metals in water and wastewater. However, limited information exists on the efficiency of this coagulation-flocculation process for biodiesel wastewater treatment. The biodiesel wastewater is basic (alkaline), with a high content of oil and grease, and a low content of nitrogen and phosphorus. As such, biological treatment of the biodiesel wastewater is expected to be very difficult. For this reason supportive physic-chemical methods are often used. Although one of the most frequently employed method is coagulation. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the efficiency of coagulation and flocculation processes for removing suspended solid (SS), color, COD and oil and grease from biodiesel wastewater. Aluminum sulfate, polyaluminum chloride, ferric chloride and ferric sulfate as a coagulant in biodiesel wastewater treatment were studied using a standard jar test apparatus. The result shows that, at the optimum dose of PAC (300 mg/L), the percentage removal of SS, color, COD and oil and grease respectively 97%, 95%, 75% and 97% compared to only 92%, 92%, 53% and 99% at the optimal dose alum (500mg/L), 95%, 93%, 63% and 97% at the optimum dose of ferric chloride (350 mg/L) and 88%, 88%, 54% and 94% at the optimum dose of ferric sulfate (450 mg/L). The effect of coagulant dosages on suspended solid (SS), color, COD and oil and grease removal showed similar trend and PAC was found to be superior was observed at reasonable lower amount of coagulant i.e. 300 mg/L. The results showed that coagulation-flocculation is effective as a pre-treatment for treating biodiesel wastewater

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
ID Code:7305
Deposited By:Mrs. Nurhayati Ali
Deposited On:19 Oct 2015 12:12
Last Modified:19 Oct 2015 12:12

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