Utilization of polishing sludge (PS) and body mill sludge (BS) incorporated into fired clay brick

Abdul Kadir, Aeslina and Abdul Rahim, Ahmad Shayuti and Hassan, Mohd Ikhmal Hakeem (2015) Utilization of polishing sludge (PS) and body mill sludge (BS) incorporated into fired clay brick. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 10 (15). ISSN 1819-6608

[img]
Preview
PDF
474Kb

Official URL: http://www.arpnjournal.com

Abstract

Brick manufactured from mosaic sludge waste and clay is investigated considering the huge volume that has been produced and the effect towards the environment. In this study, the research attempt to reuse two types of mosaic sludge from polishing (PS) and body mill (BS) process conducted in mosaic industries to be incorporated into fired clay brick. The mosaic sludge is used to replace the raw material which is clay up to 10%. In this investigation, the composition and concentration of heavy metals were determined by using X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (XRF). Physical and mechanical properties test were conducted (compressive strength, shrinkage, density and initial rate of suction). The results show that PS brick (5%) and BS brick (5%) obtained the highest compressive strength, low density and less total shrinkage compared to other percentages. Nevertheless, all properties for all bricks incorporated with different percentages of mosaic sludge were complied with the British Standard 3291:1985. Both mosaic sludge (PS and BS) could be an alternative low cost material for brick and at the same time provide an environmental friendly disposal method for the waste.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:bricks; mosaic sludge; compressive strength; density; shrinkage; initial rate of suction
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions:Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Water and Environmental Engineering
ID Code:7416
Deposited By:Normajihan Abd. Rahman
Deposited On:02 Feb 2016 16:33
Last Modified:02 Feb 2016 16:33

Repository Staff Only: item control page