Compressive strength and water penetration of concrete with enterococcus faecalis and calcium lactate

Juki, Mohd Irwan and Luis Hii, Anneza and Othman , Norzila and A. Faisal , Alshalif (2016) Compressive strength and water penetration of concrete with enterococcus faecalis and calcium lactate. In: Key Engineering Materials.

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Abstract

This paper presents the compressive strength and water penetration of bioconcrete with calcium lactate. The bacteria used in this concrete is Enterococcus faecalis, which was isolated and enriched to suit the concrete environment. Bioconcrete is a sustainable and environmentally friendly method to improve concrete properties, but the natural production of calcite by the bacteria is limited. Therefore, the objective of this research is to add in calcium lactate as additional food source for the bacteria and determine the effect on the compressive strength and water penetration of concrete. The bioconcrete is fabricated in the standard size of 150mm × 150mm × 150mm cubes. The calcium lactate added into the mix is in concentrations of 0.001 mol/l, 0.005mol/l and 0.01 mol/l measured according to the amount of water used in fabrication. Both compressive strength and water penetration is tested after the 28th day by using Universal Testing Machine (UTM) and Water Permeability testing machine respectively. It is found that by adding calcium lactate into bioconcrete, the compressive strength improves by a maximum of 18.8% which is 42.8 MPa using the concentrations of 0.005 mol/l of calcium lactate. Compared to control which was 36 MPa and concrete with only Enterococcus faecalis of 38.2 MPa. The water penetration has a similar trend of decreasing the water penetration of concrete with Enterococcus faecalis and calcium lactate. A maximum decrease of water penetration is from calcium lactate of concentration 0.01 mol/l of 26.2% which is 8.7 cm compared to control of 11.8 cm and concrete with only Enterococcus faecalis of 9.2 cm. Adding calcium lactate as an additional food source for bacteria in concrete has positive results and further study with the same concept is encouraging.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bioconcrete; compressive strength; water penetration; enterococcus faecalis; calcium lactate
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401-492 Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials
Divisions:Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering > Department of Structural and Material Engineering
ID Code:8459
Deposited By:Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Deposited On:24 May 2017 15:58
Last Modified:24 May 2017 15:58

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