Effects of soda-anthraquinone pulping variables on the durian rind pulp and paper characteristics: a preliminary test

Masrol, Shaiful Rizal and Ibrahim , Mohd Halim Irwan and Adnan, Sharmiza and Talib, Mohd Rahmad and Lau , Lee Sian (2017) Effects of soda-anthraquinone pulping variables on the durian rind pulp and paper characteristics: a preliminary test. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 226 (012175). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1757-899X

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Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/issue/1757-899X/226/1

Abstract

Good combination of pulping variables is required to obtain the quality pulp and paper characteristics. Thus, in this preliminary work, naturally dried durian rind were pulped under Soda-Anthraquinone (Soda-AQ) pulping process with 18% to 22% alkali charge, 0% to 0.1% Anthraquinone (AQ) charge, 90 minutes to 150 minutes of cooking time and 150°C to 170°C to investigate the effect of pulping variables on the characteristics of the pulp and paper. Pulping condition with 0% of AQ charge was also conducted for comparison. Results indicated that the best screen yield percentage, reject yield percentage, freeness, drainage time, tear index, number of folds and optical properties were shown by the pulp produced with combination of the highest active alkali (22%), AQ charge (0.1%), cooking time (150 minutes) and cooking temperature (170°C) except apparent density, tensile index and burst index. This preliminary result shows that the optimum quality of durian rind pulp as a potential papermaking raw material pulp could be produced by selecting the good combination of pulping variables which influences the pulp and paper characteristics.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:S Agriculture > SD Forestry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP995-996 Utilization of wastes
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering Technology > Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology
ID Code:9308
Deposited By:Mr. Shaiful Rizal Masrol
Deposited On:20 Aug 2017 09:55
Last Modified:20 Aug 2017 09:55

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