Performance Analysis of a Novel Hybrid Segmentation Method for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Monitoring

Nazarudin, Asma’ Amirah and Zulkarnain, Noraishikin and Mokri, Siti Salasiah and Wan Zaki, Wan Mimi Diyana and Hussain, Aini and Ahmad, Mohd Faizal and Mohd Nordin, Najaa Aimi (2023) Performance Analysis of a Novel Hybrid Segmentation Method for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Monitoring. Diagnostics, 13 (750). pp. 1-18.

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Experts have used ultrasound imaging to manually determine follicle count and perform measurements, especially in cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, due to the laborious and error-prone process of manual diagnosis, researchers have explored and developed medical image processing techniques to help with diagnosing and monitoring PCOS. This study proposes a combination of Otsu’s thresholding with the Chan–Vese method to segment and identify follicles in the ovary with reference to ultrasound images marked by a medical practitioner. Otsu’s thresholding highlights the pixel intensities of the image and creates a binary mask for use with the Chan–Vese method to define the boundary of the follicles. The acquired results were compared between the classical Chan–Vese method and the proposed method. The performances of the methods were evaluated in terms of accuracy, Dice score, Jaccard index and sensitivity. In overall segmentation evaluation, the proposed method showed superior results compared to the classical Chan–Vese method. Among the calculated evaluation metrics, the sensitivity of the proposed method was superior, with an average of 0.74 ± 0.12. Meanwhile, the average sensitivity for the classical Chan– Vese method was 0.54 ± 0.14, which is 20.03% lower than the sensitivity of the proposed method. Moreover, the proposed method showed significantly improved Dice score (p = 0.011), Jaccard index (p = 0.008) and sensitivity (p = 0.0001). This study showed that the combination of Otsu’s thresholding and the Chan–Vese method enhanced the segmentation of ultrasound images

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: polycystic ovarian syndrome; image segmentation; follicle identification; Chan–Vese method; Otsu thresholding
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering > Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Mr. Mohamad Zulkhibri Rahmad
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2023 07:09
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2023 07:09

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