K-means clustering analysis and multiple linear regression model on household income in Malaysia

Gan Pei Yee, Gan Pei Yee and Rusiman, Mohd Saifullah and Ismail, Shuhaida and Suparman, Suparman and Mohamad Hamzah, Firdaus and Shafi, Muhammad Ammar (2023) K-means clustering analysis and multiple linear regression model on household income in Malaysia. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence, 12 (2). pp. 731-728. ISSN 2252-8938

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Household income plays a significant role in determining a country's socioeconomic standing. This measure is often used by the government to formulate the federal budget and policies that are most appropriate for national development. In spite of this, Malaysia's current economic circumstances continue to be characterized by income disparity. Therefore, this shortcoming can be addressed by analyzing the household income survey (HIS) conducted by Department of Statistics Malaysia (DoSM). In this study, the hybrid model is proposed where K-means and multiple linear regression (MLR) for clustering and predicting household income in Malaysia. Based on the experimental results, the K-means clustering analysis in conjunction with the MLR model outperformed the MLR model without clustering with a smaller mean square error. As a result, clustering analysis results in a more accurate estimate of household income because it reduces the variation between households. It is important that household income information reflect the concern of policymakers about the impact of universal and targeted interventions on different socioeconomic groups.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Household income K-means clustering Mean square error Multiple linear regression Silhouette analysis
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Science and Technology > Department of Postgraduate
Depositing User: Mr. Mohamad Zulkhibri Rahmad
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2023 07:30
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2023 07:30
URI: http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/id/eprint/9919

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