Proposal of development of welding health-hazard index (WHI) for small and medium enterprises (SMEs)

Hariri, Azian and Md Yusof, Mohammad Zainal and Leman, Abd Mutalib (2012) Proposal of development of welding health-hazard index (WHI) for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). ARPN Journal of Science and Technology, 2 (2). pp. 62-67. ISSN 2225-7217


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In 2009, there were 28,840 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) which represented 94.2 % of the total establishments in the manufacturing sector in Malaysia. The SMEs have some setbacks such as poorer working conditions and worker’s safety and health measures are more likely to be neglected. Welding fumes assessment in SMEs welding workplace is essential in order to ensure the minimum level of exposure is maintained as required by the prevailing standards. However, providing concentration or emission information alone is insufficient and meaningless to the non-expert/ workers. There is an urgent need to develop an index that can simplify the health and hazard issues of fumes to be comprehended easily by the workers and company management. Series of subjective measurement to investigate persistent symptom experience by the welder will be carried out along with spirometry test for verification purposes. Statistical method will be used to get the correlation between index value and persistent symptom experienced by the SMEs welders. This developed index will hopefully be able to harness preventive and voluntary risk control by the welder.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:welding index; small and medium enterprises; welding hazard
Subjects:T Technology > T55-55.3 Industrial safety. Industrial accident prevention
Divisions:Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Plant and Automotive Engineering
ID Code:4470
Deposited By:Mrs. Azian Hariri
Deposited On:31 Oct 2013 08:48
Last Modified:31 Oct 2013 08:48

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