Surface morphological characteristics on unmodified cucurbita as a biosorbent potential for chloride and sulphate

Musa, Sabariah and Mohamad, Nur Huda (2018) Surface morphological characteristics on unmodified cucurbita as a biosorbent potential for chloride and sulphate. International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology (IJLRET), 4 (8). pp. 119-126. ISSN 2454-5031

[img] Text
AJ 2020 (103).pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy


Groundwater is a second thought for a safe water supply to fulfil the needs of living creatures on the earth surface. In Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), groundwater can be extracted from pumped well at Research Centre for Soft Soil Malaysia (RECESS) area, but the quality was not promising as drinking water supply. The purposes of this study were to characterize the surface morphology of unmodified Cucurbita as biosorbent for each part from peel, flesh and seed and determine the effectiveness of Cucurbita components by using biosorbent amount optimization. From the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) result, some porous surface texture was spotted and it was believed to assist in entrapping and adsorbing the contaminants exists in groundwater. The biosorption method involved Cucurbita components namely peel, flesh and seed as sorbent while the groundwater acted as solvent that contains chloride and sulphate ions as sorbate. Three parameters were assessed namely chloride, sulphate and pH on series of biosorbent amount which affects biosorption performance. The percentage of biosorbent for optimization that was analyzed in this study was 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.15% and 0.2%. The Ionize Chromatography (IC) result, peel was proven to be the most effective component in removing chloride and sulphate in groundwater by 16.8% and 12.8% respectively. Meanwhile the data obtained showed that increase in adsorbent amount helped in reducing the pH value of groundwater. Hence, as referred to the Drinking Water Standard published by Malaysia Ministry of Health, concluded that pH and sulphate exist within permissible limit which are 6.5-9.0 and 250 mg/L while chloride ceased to present within 250 mg/L boundary. As a conclusion, Cucurbita can be classified as a potential biosorbent for groundwater treatment but some improvements must be implemented to bring a significant impact for the benefit of mankind through a safe drinking water supply and cost effective treatment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cucurbita; pumpkin; groundwater; biosorption process
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD201-500 Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > TD429.5-480.7 Water purification. Water treatment and conditioning. Saline water conversion
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341-641 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Built Environment > Department of Civil Engineering : Water and Environmental Engineering
Depositing User: Miss Afiqah Faiqah Mohd Hafiz
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 07:35
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2022 07:35

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item