A centralized localization algorithm for prolonging the lifetime of wireless sensor networks using particle swarm optimization in the existence of obstacles

Abdulhasan Al-Jarah, Ali Husam (2017) A centralized localization algorithm for prolonging the lifetime of wireless sensor networks using particle swarm optimization in the existence of obstacles. Masters thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

[img]
Preview
PDF
526Kb

Abstract

The evolution in micro-electro-mechanical systems technology (MEMS) has triggered the need for the development of wireless sensor network (WSN). These wireless sensor nodes has been used in many applications at many areas. One of the main issues in WSN is the energy availability, which is always a constraint. In a previous research, a relocating algorithm for mobile sensor network had been introduced and the goal was to save energy and prolong the lifetime of the sensor networks using Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) where both of sensing radius and travelled distance had been optimized in order to save energy in long-term and shortterm. Yet, the previous research did not take into account obstacles’ existence in the field and this will cause the sensor nodes to consume more power if obstacles are exists in the sensing field. In this project, the same centralized relocating algorithm from the previous research has been used where 15 mobile sensors deployed randomly in a field of 100 meter by 100 meter where these sensors has been deployed one time in a field that obstacles does not exist (case 1) and another time in a field that obstacles existence has been taken into account (case 2), in which these obstacles has been pre-defined positions, where these two cases applied into two different algorithms, which are the original algorithm of a previous research and the modified algorithm of this thesis. Particle Swarm Optimization has been used in the proposed algorithm to minimize the fitness function. Voronoi diagram has also used in order to ensure that the mobile sensors cover the whole sensing field. In this project, the objectives will be mainly focus on the travelling distance, which is the mobility module, of the mobile sensors in the network because the distance that the sensor node travels, will consume too much power from this node and this will lead to shortening the lifetime of the sensor network. So, the travelling distance, power consumption and lifetime of the network will be calculated in both cases for original algorithm and modified algorithm, which is a modified deployment algorithm, and compared between them. Moreover, the maximum sensing range is calculated, which is 30 meter, by using the binary sensing model even though the sensing module does not consume too much power compared to the mobility module. Finally, the comparison of the results in the original method will show that this algorithm is not suitable for an environment where obstacle exist because sensors will consume too much power compared to the sensors that deployed in environment that free of obstacles. While the results of the modified algorithm of this research will be more suitable for both environments, that is environment where obstacles are not exist and environment where obstacles are exist, because sensors in this algorithm .will consume almost the same amount of power at both of these environments.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Subjects:T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800-8360 Electronics
ID Code:9562
Deposited By:Mr. Mohammad Shaifulrip Ithnin
Deposited On:26 Nov 2017 17:50
Last Modified:26 Nov 2017 17:50

Repository Staff Only: item control page